TRANSLATION OF THE LETTER TO EPHESIANS WITH COMMENT EPHESIANS 2:17 And he came announcing peace to you who were at a distance, and peace to those who were near, so that through him we both have an introduction to the father in the one spirit. No longer then are you foreigners and travellers, but fellow-citizens […]

TRANSLATION OF EPHESIANS WITH COMMENT Now remember that once you Gentiles by birth, called “the foreskinned” by those who call themselves “the snipped”, referring to a manual operation on their flesh, remember that you were at that time outside Messiah, excluded from the state of Israel, and alienated from the covenants of the Promise, having […]

TRANSLATION OF THE LETTER TO EPHESIANS WITH COMMENT EPHESIANS 2: 1 ff And you were dead through the crimes and sins that marked your way of living by the standards of this world, swayed by the Ruler of the Powers of the Air – the Spirit that is now working among those who refuse obedience […]

TRANSLATION OF THE LETTER TO EPHESIANS WITH COMMENT I should have mentioned in my introduction that in the earliest manuscripts of this letter, there is no mention at all of the destination of the letter. Later MSS have the name Ephesus in the first verse. One theory is that it was a round-robin letter to […]

Translation of the LETTER TO EPHESIANS with comment Introduction Although this letter claims to be by Paul, most scholars agree that it was written in his name some years after his death, perhaps 75-95CE, because it contains words and concepts not found in his authentic writings, and is in a style which is not his. […]

I will shortly return to this blog with a commentary on the Letter to Ephesians. Meantime readers will find my current biblical reflections at:

Another Bible animal THE DONKEY The donkey is the most-mentioned animal in the Bible, the majority in the Old Testament. The common domestic donkey is chamor in Hebrew. The female is athone and the foal, ayir. The wild donkey is seen almost as a different species, in Hebrew, perĂ©. The domestic donkey was the common […]

Another Bible animal BEHEMOTH from Job 40: 15ff Look at Behemoth,     which I made just as I made you;     it eats grass like an ox. Its strength is in its loins,     and its power in the muscles of its belly. It makes its tail stiff like a cedar;     the sinews of its thighs are knit […]

Animals in the Bible 2 THE BEAR Hebrew for Bear is Dov, and it appears in many books of the Old Testament; the Greek is arktos which appears in Revelation 13:2 where only its feet are mentioned. Typically it is mentioned not for itself but as an instance of savagery. David, about to face Goliath, […]

THE HARE This is the first in a series of blogs which will focus on some of the animals mentioned in Scripture, but will be a bit different from the little illustrated article entitled,”Animals of the Bible” in the beautifully produced “Scholar’s Bible” which I used as a child. It also had a similar article […]