bible blog 1607

The readings are from the Catholic lectionary for daily mass, while the headline is meant to keep my thinking real:

Three Tibetan monks burn themselves in last 8 days in protest at Chinese policy  tibet

First reading

1 John 1:1-4 ©
Something which has existed since the beginning,

that we have heard,

and we have seen with our own eyes;

that we have watched

and touched with our hands:

the Word, who is life –

this is our subject.

That life was made visible:

we saw it and we are giving our testimony,

telling you of the eternal life

which was with the Father and has been made visible to us.

What we have seen and heard

we are telling you

so that you too may be in union with us,

as we are in union

with the Father

and with his Son Jesus Christ.

We are writing this to you to make our own joy complete.
Gospel

John 20:2-8 ©
On the first day of the week Mary of Magdala came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved. ‘They have taken the Lord out of the tomb’ she said ‘and we don’t know where they have put him.’

So Peter set out with the other disciple to go to the tomb. They ran together, but the other disciple, running faster than Peter, reached the tomb first; he bent down and saw the linen cloths lying on the ground, but did not go in. Simon Peter who was following now came up, went right into the tomb, saw the linen cloths on the ground, and also the cloth that had been over his head; this was not with the linen cloths but rolled up in a place by itself. Then the other disciple who had reached the tomb first also went in; he saw and he believed.

The Apostle John by Rubens

The Apostle John by Rubens

This is the feast day of the Apostle John, who is associated with the Gospel, the Three Letters of John, and with The Revelation. He is also supposed to be the “one whom Jesus loved” in the Gospel of John. The early church uncritically lumped together all the writings that were associated the name John. It seems certain that the prophet of the Revelation is not the writer of the Gospel or the letters; and it’s almost certain that the writer of the Letters is not the writer of the Gospel, but there are clear theological links between the Gospel and the Letters, especially the theology of the Word made flesh; and one link, the theology of the Lamb of God, between the Gospel and The Revelation.

The tradition that Jesus gave his mother into the care of his beloved disciple and vice versa, is put in doubt by the witness of three gospels that there were no male disciples at the crucifixion of Jesus. Certainly the Gospel writer wanted to show that his mother’s true child was the loving disciple, representing the community of believers, but it would have been natural for Jesus to have entrusted the care of his mother to his followers. The extension of this tradition by which John is said to have taken Mary to Ephesus where her hhouse is still displayed, is more legendary.

There are core questons about the supposed author:

1. Is John son of Zebedee the “beloved disciple?

2. Is the beloved disciple who is described in the gospel as the “one who vouches for these things” the author of the gospel or its main source?

3. Is the “elder” who writes the second and third letters of John also the author of the first letter, and what realtionship does he have with the beloved disciple?

4. Is the prophet John, writer of the Revelation, related to John Zebedee or the beloved disciple or the “elder” of the letters?

My own not very scholarly opinion is that the answer to all of these is “no”; and that all we know for certain is that there was a branch of the  early Christian church which held a version of faith associated with John the disciple which was influential originally in the Roman province of Asia, and subsequently throughout the church.god=

Some special features of Johannine faith are present in the passage above:

1 Jesus is described as the creative “Word” of God and of Life.

2. This Word was made flesh and had a material existence in this world.

3. The original witness of faith comes from believers who have seen and touched the human Word.

4. The motive of witness is that those who accept it may enter a shared life, shared not only with other believers, but with God and his Son Jesus. Another name for this shared life is love.

5. The extenson of this shared life brings joy to the witnesses.

These are profound contributions to Christian thinking about Jesus, all of which have been important in the formation of my faith. Above all I feel indebted to the tradition of John for providing the first and only declaration in the bible, in the first letter of John 4:8, that God is love. When that truth is held as the foundation of faith, the worst crimes of religion are made more difficult.

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